What is Head and Neck Tumor

Head and Neck Tumors that arise in the lips, pharynx, pharynx (the tube connecting the nose and oral cavity) or larynx (the top part of the throat where sound originates) are called head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). And it is called neck cancer. 

Head and neck Tumor usually affects the area from our brain to the throat. In medical language these areas are called head and neck. When there is a problem at any place from our nose to throat and it lasts for a long time, then it is counted in head and neck cancer. Some of the common symptoms of this cancer are any kind of wound in the mouth, teeth sticking to the tongue, change in voice, difficulty in eating food, throat pain while drinking water. Even if you feel any kind of lump in the throat, it is very important to consult a doctor.

What are the risk factors for head and neck Tumor?

This cancer usually affects those people who consume tobacco, bidi, cigarette and alcohol. Due to the consumption of betel nut, blisters develop in our mouth, when it starts happening again and again, it can give rise to cancer. Human papilloma virus is also a cause of this.

Head and Neck Tumor

How is head and neck Tumor treated?

If head and neck Tumor is detected at an early stage, surgery is done after biopsy. When we come to know about this disease at two to three stages, chemotherapy and radiation are given. Chemo is given initially to make many diseases a little less. After which surgery is done, then chemotherapy and radiation therapy are given again. In some other parts such as our voice box, if it is there in the first stage, then it can be repaired with the help of radiation. In simple language, it is treated with a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, and in the early stages, it is treated with one procedure.

 

Which stage of head and neck Tumor is most dangerous?

If any disease of cancer is caught in the first and second stage, then it can be cured with a single treatment process. The patient can be cured even in stage three and four. If the patient has fourth stage 4A, then 60 to 70 percent of people can be cured with the help of surgery and chemo in the right way. About 70 to 80 percent of people can be cured in the initial stage. At the same time, 30 to 40 percent of people can be cured in the third and fourth stages, and they are able to live for a long time.

Avail advanced treatment and procedures

Neck dissection is a surgical procedure in which the fibro-fatty material of the neck is removed to treat cancer. Cancer cells often move to lymph nodes in the neck. This technique is used to stop these cells from growing.

Oral composite resection and reconstruction is done to treat cancer that develops within the oral cavity. This is known as oropharynx cancer. The procedure uses an incision to remove tumors that grown inside the tissues of the oral cavity.

Thyroidectomy is a surgical procedure where a specific diseased portion or the entire thyroid gland is removed from the patient’s neck. The amount of thyroid gland removed during thyroidectomy depends on the extent and severity of the cancer.

Glossectomy is a procedure that involves surgically removing part or all of the tongue. It is mostly used to cure cancer of the tongue and is also used when
If other head and neck cancers have spread to the tongue.

 

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