What is Urologic Cancer
Urologic cancers are growths of abnormal cells that form in the organs of the urinary tract in both men and women, and in the testicles, prostate and penis of the male reproductive system. The urinary tract produces and stores urine. This is why Dr. Arun Prakash Dwivedi is the best uro oncologist doctor in Kanpur.
Our kidneys work ceaselessly to filter out waste from the blood, producing urine. The urine then travels through the urinary tract—a group of organs that work together to drain urine from the body. These organs grow cells that help to process and transport the urine. But occasionally, something will go wrong. A change in the DNA (known as a mutation) can cause abnormal cells to grow along the urinary tract, forming a cancerous tumor.
Cancers of the urinary tract (or urologic cancers) may be linked to environmental, lifestyle, genetic and other factors. Over the years, methods for detecting and treating urologic cancers have improved, and patients are now offered a range of options to suit their goals and needs. For surgery Dr. Arun Prakash Dwivedi is the best uro oncologist doctor in Kanpur.
Types of Urologic Cancers
Named for the structures they affect, types of urologic cancers include:
- Bladder Cancer:
The bladder is the part of our body where two tubes come down from the kidneys and come into a pouch. Whatever cancer occurs in this part, we call it bladder cancer. The bladder is one of the seventh most common cancers in men. Affects 9.5 in men and 2.5 in women. Talking about death from this cancer, it is 3.3 in men and .86 in women.
- Renal(Kidney) Cancer:
Kidneys in the body purify the blood for nutrients and perform the function of excreting urine. Like all other cancers, when healthy kidney cells start behaving abnormally and grow out of proportion. These further develop into tumors which are known as kidney cancer.
- Urethral Cancer: Urethral Cancer is the most rare of Cancer. Only 1 or 2 people out of 100 patients with Cancer get this type. It is more common in men than women. Some people with Urethral Cancer don’t have any symptoms, but most do. For surgery in dwivedi cancer care is the best uro oncologit doctor in Kanpur.
- Prostate Cancer:
The prostate is a small gland found in the lower abdomen of a man. It is located below the bladder and around the urethra. The prostate is regulated by the hormone testosterone and produces a fluid called semen. Semen is a fluid containing spermatozoa that passes out of the urethra during ejaculation.When a tumor forms from an abnormal, malignant growth of cells in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. When this cancer begins to spread to other areas of the body, it is still called prostate cancer because cancer is made up of cells of the prostate.
What are the symptoms of urologic cancers?
Most of the time, symptoms don’t occur until the cancer has become more advanced. Then, they depend on the type of cancer. Blood in the urine (without pain) is a symptom of bladder, kidney and prostate cancer—at later stages, pelvic and back pain can also develop. Patients with prostate cancer may also have other changes in urination and sexual function. Those with testicular or penile cancer may notice a visible lession on the skin, along with other skin changes or swelling. Any cancer patient can experience weight loss and fatigue.
More often, these cancers are detected during a routine physical exam of the abdomen or genitals.
How are urologic cancers diagnosed?
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Once doctors have reason to suspect a urologic cancer, they may perform some of the following tests:
- Cystoscopy or ureteroscopy, using a tool with a tiny light or camera to check the ureter (the tube that carries urine), bladder and kidney for tumors.
- Lab tests to look for changes in the blood that could be signs of cancer.
- Imaging studies (MRI, X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan or angiogram) to check for abnormal tissue anywhere along the urinary tract.
- Biopsy to obtain a sample of abnormal tissue and analyze it for cancer cells.