What is Thoracic Cancer

Thoracic malignancies are a heterogenous group of cancers that included non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), esophageal cancer, thymoma, thymic carcinoma, and malignant pleural mesothelioma, as well as lymphomas and more rare tumors such as thoracic sarcomas and paragangliomas.

Overview of Thoracic cancer

Thoracic cancer refers to any cancer located in the organs, glands, or structures of your thoracic cavity, or chest. This includes well-known cancers such as lung cancer (currently the second-most common cancer among both men and women) and esophageal cancer, as well as less common cancers such as thymus cancer and pleural cancer.

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Thoracic cancer varies depending on the specific type of cancer and how it is affected; Initially, there are no symptoms, and as a result, thoracic cancer can be difficult to treat unless it is in an advanced stage.

When symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • A new cough that does not go away and gets bigger with time.
  • Changes in a chronic cough or “smoker’s cough.
  • Chest pain worsens with laughing, deep breathing, or coughing.
  • blood or bloody or rust-colored mucus.
  • sadness and fatigue.
  • irritability, dyspepsia, or vomiting.
  • hoarseness.
  • Shortness of breath or wheezing.
  • Unintentional weight loss or loss of appetite.
  • Weakness. 
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Cancer occurs after accumulated damage to cellular DNA. When genes are damaged, they may mutate. These mutations then cause abnormal cell growth that can spread through the body. Thoracic cancers occur when this abnormal growth happens in the chest cavity.

The best thoracic oncology doctor in Kanpur or any other health experts don’t fully understand the cause of any cancer, including thoracic cancer. Biological factors such as genes (some cancers tend to run in families), age, and hormones can contribute to cell damage and increase cancer risk. Other risk factors are environmental, such as exposure to sunlight radiation or carcinogenic (cancer-causing) substances including asbestos and radioactive materials.

For thoracic cancers, lifestyle factors like diet, body weight, and smoking especially play a role. In fact, smoking is linked to 90 percent of lung cancer cases, and also substantially increases the risk of esophageal cancer.

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